Many dementia types are reversible when treated quickly. They may be cured partially or completely with fast and effective treatment. There are also many dementia types that irreversible as in the case with Alzheimer’s disease. Here is a list of some of the dementia types:
1. Alzheimer’s Disease- Alzheimer’s is by far the most common type of dementia, which is cause by loss of brain cells. It is believed to be partly hereditary. In Alzheimer’s cells in the brain controlling memory and mental functioning are destroyed by protein deposits built up to form plaque. Alzheimer’s disease is irreversible with no known cure. There are many types of medications out their shown to slow progress.
2. Vascular Dementias- This is the next most common dementia type, caused by poor blood circulation to the bran. In multi-infarct dementia, a series of tiny strokes occur that cut off blood to part of the brain. The disease progression can be easily recognized in steps. Good nutrition, control of blood pressure, diabetic control, and avoiding cigarettes helps to slow it down
3. Parkinson’s Disease- A common trait of Parkinson’s disease is limb stiffness, tremors, and speech problems. The dementia develops later in the disease cycle, but not everyone who has Parkinson’s experiences dementia. Things like memory, speech, and judgment are usually affected.
4. Lewy-body Dementia- This dementia type is caused by abnormal protein deposits called Lewy bodies that destroy cells over time. The physical symptoms mimic those of Parkinsons; tremors, and stiffness, as well as dementia properties close to those in Alzheimer’s patients. However, Lewy body dementia tends to affect thinking, attention, and concentration rather than language and memory. There is no known cure at this time, Alzheimer’s drugs have been proven to be beneficial for curbing symptoms with Lewy body patients.
5. Alcohol-related dementia- Caused by drinking too much alcohol.
6. Pick Disease- Rare disorder that damages cells in the frontotemporal local of the brain. The common traits are behavior and personality changes preceding memory loss and language problems.